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Process of criminal case file and trial in Indian Courts

According to an authentic research platform from the National Crime Records Bureau of India, 51,56,172 cognizable crimes were filed in the year 2019. Among these cases 32,25,71 under IPC and 19,30471 under special and Local law (SLL). Cr.P.C. is a comprehensive and exhaustive procedural law for conducting a criminal trial in India, including the manner for collection of evidence, the examination of witnesses, interrogation of accused, arrests, safeguards and procedure to be adopted by Police and Courts, bail, the process of the criminal trial, method of conviction, and the rights of the accused of a fair trial. The procedure for a criminal trial in India, is primarily, except as otherwise provided, governed by The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (Cr.P.C.). IPC is the primary penal law of India, which is applicable to all offences, except as may be provided under any other law in India. IEA is a detailed treaty on the law of “evidence”, which can be tendered in the trial, manner of production of the evidence in the trial, and the evidentiary value, which can be attached to such evidence. IEA also deals with the judicial presumptions, expert and scientific evidence. There are certain other laws, which have been enacted to deal with criminality in special circumstances.

Zumosun Soft Group ( TheLegalCourt, TheLegalBank, Techlam ) consistently doing excellent & ethical practice for the process of criminal case file and trial in Indian courts. Our legal professionals provide counselling and advisory for complete legal cases management. We work for a complete legal cycle according to the law including of FIR filing, case grounds analytics before court procedure,  collection of evidence & research, the ground test of motive, intention and knowledge of the crime, research on petitioners and respondent,  research on case criminal grounds, bails, counselling for trails in courts, court trial management, representative as an advocate in court, criminal intelligence analysis.

Legal Research & Invention Index


S.N

Legal Research & Invention Index

1.

The legality of the section of  criminal case grounds

2.

The legality of Justice under the Indian Constitution, and  Statutory laws

3.

Necessary information required for Filing of FIR in criminal cases in the police station

4.

Types of FIR and their meanings

5.

Documents required for Filing of FIR in Criminal Cases in the police station


6.

Responsibility and Duty of complainant

7.

Monitoring of FIR progress in the police station for real justice

8.

Evidence collection and Management by police 

9.

Witness of crime statement & management

10.

Required Postmortem and Medical Reports for accused and respondent

11.

Scientific Lab test reports as scientific evidence 

12.

Chargesheet draft by Investigator officer( IO) of case

13.

Accuracy and Quality analysis of charge sheet 

14.

Chargesheet file by authorised police officers to the Magistrate

15

Offence or Crime Committal in Session Court of  DJ and ADJ Court

16.

Hearing Date Provided by DJ or ADJ

17.

Summon sent to Petitioner, Respondent, Witnesses 


18.

Types of Trail and Trail start in court on hearing  dates

19.

Judgement provide by the court Judge

20

Punishment for crime metrics

21

Appeal procedure in the higher courts 

22.

Fees charged by lawyers and Court fees

23.

Price Comparison and Standardise Price Metrics 

24.

Bottom Line

25.

Researcher & Writers

26.

Referral and Affiliate Collaboration 

27.

**Know more about our services and Research**


28.

Internal Links

29.

Research References:- 


30.

Relative Research & Invention References


31.

External Links 

32.

Industries References

33.

Journals, Magazines, Reports, Newspapers 


34.

Academic Reference

 

35.

Reference Books

36.

Co-citation Metrics

37.

DISCLAIMER

38.

COPYRIGHT NOTICE

39.

Alt Tags


The legality of the section of  criminal case grounds

Principle Research & Invention

Section 1(1) of The Code of Criminal Procedure-1973 defines Crimes and offences in India. Cr.P.C. is a comprehensive and exhaustive procedural law for conducting a criminal trial in India, including the manner for collection of evidence, the examination of witnesses, interrogation of accused, arrests, safeguards and procedure to be adopted by Police and Courts, bail, the process of the criminal trial, method of conviction, and the rights of the accused of a fair trial. The procedure for a criminal trial in India, is primarily, except as otherwise provided, governed by The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (Cr.P.C.). IPC is the primary penal law of India, which is applicable to all offences, except as may be provided under any other law in India. IEA is a detailed treaty on the law of “evidence”, which can be tendered in the trial, manner of production of the evidence in the trial, and the evidentiary value, which can be attached to such evidence. IEA also deals with the judicial presumptions, expert and scientific evidence. There are certain other laws, which have been enacted to deal with criminality in special circumstances.

The legality of Justice under the Indian Constitution, and  Statutory laws

Principle Research & Invention

The Constitution of India empowers every law, act, section, clause, rules, regulations, notifications for a lawful justice to everyone without any discrimination. In our constitution from article 14 to 35 mention the fundamentals of every Indian citizen.

 

Necessary information required for Filing of FIR in criminal cases in the police station

Principle Research & Invention


First information record (FIR) is the first step towards the justification in crime under Cr. P.C Act,1972, Sec. (154). The main important documents required for FIR filling in any police station are the following:- 

  1. Complaint.

  2. Id Proof.

  3. Address proof.

  4. Aadhaar card.

Responsibility and Duty of complainant

Principle Research & Invention

During the administrative processing of a complaint, the complainant has certain duties and/or responsibilities that he/she must fulfill, such as:

  1. Attend meetings and conferences relative to the complaint;

  2. Claim official certified mail when notified by post office

  3. Inform the EEO Assistant Director of any change of address, telephone number or prolonged absence (s) from the permanent address

  4. Respond to correspondence, telephone calls, and general, cooperate with the EEO officials during the administrative process (failure to maintain this communication with EEO officials and/ or failure to respond to correspondence from the EEI staff may result in a recommendation to cancel the complaint in accordance with 29 C.F.R

  5. Provide the name, address and telephone number of his/her representative, in writing the EEO staff, if applicable

Monitoring of FIR progress in the police station for real justice

Principal Research & Invention


The relation between the people of India and the police force is trustable. Although it is required to monitor the FIR progress with the integration of police stations for timely progress, the charge sheet of the case.

Positive way FIR monitoring provides a strong bond between the complainant and the police.

If there is any doubt about the police work mechanism there are some ways to go head. In this situation our legal professionals support you.


You can contact to our legal professionals Now 

Evidence collection and Management by police

Principal Research & Invention 

There are many methods and procedures for the collection of evidence by police departments. Indian Evidence Evidence Act, 1872 empowers the collection of evidence against the accused person in systematic and scientific methods.

Some of them are the following way to collect strong evidence by police against the abused person

  1. Scientific evidence (Postmortem,  FSL, DNA test, etc.)

  2. Medical reports, FIR, Statements etc.

  3. Eye- witness

  4. Physical evidence (Weapons, Clothes, material items etc.)

  5. Electronic evidence (CCTV Camera, Mobile phone, Computer etc.)

  6. Social Media ( Social Media Comments, Profiles, Videos, articles)

  7. Print Media ( Newspapers, magazines etc.)

  8. Electronic Media ( TV, Debates etc.)

  9. Government people ( Police, Investigation offices, Departments etc.)

  10. Family ( Family people of the first degree, second degree etc.)

  11. Trustable Society or People

These are the major mediums to collect strong evidence against the abused person or criminal. A common man must be aware of these points to provide strong evidence in the court.

The witness of crime statement & management

Principal Research & Invention 


Honest witness for any type of case is very important in the jurisdiction process in India.  Fair witnesses are required for fair justice. Indian jurisprudence is flexible so sometimes it is possible that witnessed statements changed due to any illegal or forcible methods by the illegal threats and powers.

So it is very important that people manage this process properly with the support of the court, police and our legal professionals.

Scientific Witness Management Metrics 

Witness management is in a case is very important for justices.Following are the main steps for scientific witness management metrics

  1. Identifying witnesses

  2. Defining witness types

  3. Defining competence and compellability

  4. Identifying the witness/suspect dilemma

  5. Witness credibility assessment

  6. The truthfully-incorrect witness

  7. Recognizing dominant witness influences and conformity

  8. Dealing with uncooperative witnesses

  9. Conducting witness interviews

  10. The field interview

Required Postmortem and Medical Reports for accused and respondent

Principal Research & Invention 


Postmortem and medical reports are very crucial for fair justice in a crime. For the legal procedure for postmortem and medical reports by medical officers is crucial evidence for a judgement. In a case, medical negligence can damage the degree of judgement. So you must be aware of postmortem and medical reports for fair and prudent judgement.


The points must be a consideration in the postmortem and medical reports

  1. postmortem and medical reports must do with fair 

  2. postmortem and medical reports must be drafted according to scientific criminal science

  3. postmortem and medical reports must include all the actual facts.

Scientific Lab test reports as scientific evidence 

Principal Research & Invention 

Scientific lab tests are crucial facts for the case. Scientific lab tests present in the court as scientific evidence so people must be aware of the scientific lab mechanism and technologies for fair justice in any crime or case. In India, there are many types of scientific labs available to make the justice fair. 

 

Chargesheet draft by Investigator officer( IO) of case

Principal Research & Invention 


A charge-sheet is a report forwarded by the police officer in charge of the police station after proper investigation, the examination of crime and evidence, containing details about the parties and the offences. So, the result of the investigation will be submitted by the police to the appropriate Court in the form of a charge sheet.

This is the official draft documents by the police department to the court. So everyone wants to know the real mechanism about the charge sheet for the fair charge sheet drafted according to Indian law and constitution.

The charge sheet report entails and embodies all the stringent records right from the commencement of investigation procedure of lodging an FIR to till the completion of investigation and preparation of the final report (Section 173(2) (i) and Section 173(5) of the Cr. P.C.).


Accuracy and Quality analysis of charge sheet 

Principal Research & Invention 


When filing a charge sheet file in the court, it’s accuracy and quality of evidence and information play crucial roles. There are some standard formats for charge sheets according to Crpc Act, 1973. Our legal professionals help you to analyze the accuracy and quality of charge sheet for fast and fair justice in the court.


Chargesheet file by authorised police officers to the Magistrate

Principal Research & Invention 

An authorised police officer from the police station submits the charge sheet to the magistrate. Magistrate takes the appropriate action to send the charge sheet to the District Judge (DJ) court in the session court.

Offence or Crime Committal in Session Court of  DJ and ADJ Court

Principal Research & Invention


District Judge (DJ)  court Committal the crime and proceeds the case to  ADJ according to the court legal management mechanism.ADJ court decides the hearing dates according to case suitability. Our legal professionals provide the most advisory in these procedures.

Hearing Date Provided by DJ or ADJ

Principal Research & Invention

DJ and ADJ court take the appropriate hearing date for hearing both party information, evidence, witness, arguments. 


Summon sent to Petitioner, Respondent, Witnesses

Principal Research & Invention

DJ and ADJ court sent summon and appropriate legal communication to the petitioners, respondent and witness. The court hearing all parties and start to draft the decision mechanism for a fair judgement according to the law and constitution of India.

Types of Trail and Trail start in court on hearing  dates

Principal Research & Invention

The trail is a very important phase in the court for cross-examination of all the evidence in front of a judge. The word “trial” is not defined anywhere in the Cr. P.C, 1973, however, it means a commonly understood stage of trial which begins after framing the charges and ends with the conviction or acquittal.

Judgement provide by the court Judge

Principal Research & Invention

On the bases of the trial and cross-examination of all evidence, the honourable court judge takes the appropriate legal decision for the case. This is a very important stage for Indian jurisprudence intelligence and wisdom. Our professionals consistently do the research for our clients to understand the legal intelligence for fair justice. You can take the appropriate advisory regarding your cases.

Punishment for crime metrics

Principal Research & Invention

Court Judges consistently develop legal crime metrics on the basis of the trials, evidence and other information. The Court Judge decides the appropriate punishment according to Indian law and constitutions. Our Legal professionals consistently advise you for excellent legal advice.

Appeal procedure in the higher courts 

Principal Research & Invention


Every person has the right to challenge the decision of the lower court. He has the legal right to file an appeal in the higher court to take accurate and efficient justice. Our legal professionals are always ready to analyze the decision and provide the appropriate legal advisory for further decisions for appeal in the higher court. 

Fees charged by lawyers and Court fees

Principal Research & Invention


The court fees are decided according to court type. Generally, the case starts from the district courts and district court fees is defined according to Indian law. Our professional fees vary from case to case. It will start at Rs. 10,000 to Rs1,000,000.

Price Comparison and Standardise Price Metrics 

 Principal Research & Invention

Our organisation believes in professionalism and standardised services and products. As we all know Quality and efficiency absolutely requires the highest degree of information, skills, knowledge, intelligence, and wisdom. These all qualities need an excellent education and sincerely quality practice for a long time to have an input so the output is excellent services and products. This creates the difference between standards and un-standards services and products, and all fees depend upon this mechanism.

We advise our intelligence clients and customers don’t believe in the low-quality services and prices if you want real success in your business.

We analysis our all competitors price for your knowledge, so you can easily take a decision for trustable and excellent professionals and company



S.N

Unprofessional & Authorised Price or fees of private limited company registration

Professional & Authorised Price or Fees of private limited company registration

Standard Price or Fees of private limited company registration

Excellent Price Or Fees of private limited company registration

Average of private limited company registration

Minimum -Maximum Fees

1

https://blog.ipleaders.in/lawyers-fee-can-one-expect-to-pay-for-diviorce-cases-in-india/

https://indiankanoon.org/docfragment/169578605/?formInput=advocate%20fee

https://indiankanoon.org/docfragment/66869106/?formInput=advocate%20fee

https://indiankanoon.org/search/?formInput=advocate%20fee


Average

25000-35000

80K-2L

3L-15L

15L-5Cr

30K-5Cr



Bottom Line:-

Principal Research & Invention

We invite all the legal cases who want the fair legal justice in the Indian, session courts, High courts, Supreme court and other all statutory courts in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India. Our Legal professionals are always ready to provide the legal advisory and counselling of any type of criminal case in any city, any court and anytime. Our legal team consistently doing deep research on legal invention and solutions. We are ready to support our every legal problem or cases according to industry 4.0, and 5.0 technologies. You can contact us on 9116098980/9119112929. You can visit on www.thelegalcourt.com, or mail us on  thelegalcourt@gmail.com

Referral and Affiliate Collaboration

Principal Research & Invention 

We invite all the people to empower themselves as well as your friends. You can refer to this link to your friends who need these services and information to solve the legal problem by our legal professionals and you can earn the best trust and financial rewards in many forms. 

 

Researcher and Writers: -

1. Intellectual Property Owner:- Zumosun Soft Group*, 

2. Product Research & Invention Directors:-Scientist, Engineers, Advocates, Financers, Economist, Chartered Accountants, Company Secretary, Professionals Team**

3.Technology & Intelligence Director :- Eng. Devendra Chaudhary***

4.Technical Knowledge Director:- Adv. Sandeep Singh Nirwan**** 

5.Technical Knowledge Officer:- Adv. Ashish Yadav*****

6. Marketing & Sales Director:-  Prakash Chand Sharma ***** &  Jayesh Sharma*****

Founders, Designated Partners & Associate of Zumosun Group

 Mobile: +91 9116098980/9119112929 email: thelegalcourt@gmail.com

 

**Know more about our services and Research**

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Research References:- 

Our professionals do deep research, and development to make criminal cases handled in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India in terms of efficiency and quality in real-time. We take the reference from academia and industries trends for Rajasthan money lending licence online apply

1.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Criminal_law

 

2.https://indiankanoon.org/search/?formInput=criminal%20cases%20judgments

3.https://ncrb.gov.in/sites/default/files/crime_in_india_table_additional_table_chapter_reports/Chapter%201-15.11.16_2015.pdf

4.https://www.indiacode.nic.in/handle/123456789/1611?sam_handle=123456789/1362

5.http://legislative.gov.in/sites/default/files/A1872-01.pdf


Relative Research & Invention References:- 

Our professional's constantly do an analysis of all the relative and correlation references for research to optimise the services of criminal cases handled in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

1.https://www.mondaq.com/india/crime/318472/process-of-trial-of-criminal-cases-in-india

2.https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=7e8a100a-6593-414f-a2e3-b70fcd13b016


External Links 

Our professional constantly does an analysis of all the relative and correlation references for research to optimise the services of criminal cases handled in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India through external links and resources. 

1.https://ecourts.gov.in/ecourts_home/

2. https://main.sci.gov.in/

3. https://ecourts.gov.in/ecourts_home/static/highcourts.php

4. https://districts.ecourts.gov.in/

Industries References

Our professionals constantly do an analysis of all the relative and correlation references for research from industries  to optimise the services of how criminal cases are handled in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India through industries research links and resources. 


1.https://www.marketresearchreports.com/law#:~:text=According%20to%20MarketLine%2C%20the%20global,almost%20%24752%20billion%20by%202015.

2. https://www.americanbar.org/about_the_aba/profession_statistics/

3. https://www.statista.com/statistics/605125/size-of-the-global-legal-services-market/

Journals, Magazines, Reports, Newspapers 

Our professionals constantly do an analysis of all the relative and correlation references for research from journals, magazines, reports, newspapers to optimise the services of criminal cases handled in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India through external links and resources. 

  1. https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/law

  2. https://www.indialawjournal.org/

  3. https://www.indialegallive.com/e-magazine-indialegal/

Academic Reference

Our professionals constantly do an analysis of all the relative and correlation references for research from academia to optimise the services of how criminal cases are handled in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India through external links and resources.

  1. https://lawmin.gov.in/

  2. https://legalaffairs.gov.in/

  3. https://doj.gov.in/

  4. http://legislative.gov.in/

  5. https://ecourts.gov.in/ecourts_home/

 Reference Books

Our professionals constantly do an analysis of all the relative and correlation references for research from books to optimise the services of how to criminal cases handled in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India references books links and resources. 

  1. https://www.amazon.in/Criminal-Law-Books/b?ie=UTF8&node=4149545031

  2. https://www.amazon.in/dp/9351434230/ref=s9_acsd_omwf_hd_bw_b4Wp4Df_c2_x_2_t?pf_rd_m=A1K21FY43GMZF8&pf_rd_s=merchandised-search-11&pf_rd_r=SAF7YSDPMY03J3CNHKNG&pf_rd_t=101&pf_rd_p=240786be-5b1c-57b6-9982-b9e24c4c9c9d&pf_rd_i=4149545031



Co-citation Metrics

Our professional constantly does an analysis of all the relative and correlation references for research from co-citation to optimise the services of how to criminal cases handled in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India through co-citation metrics links and resources.

  1. https://www.bakermckenzie.com/en

  2. https://www.lw.com/

  3. https://www.dlapiper.com/en/us/ 

  4. https://www.skadden.com/ 

  5. https://www.cliffordchance.com/home.html 

  6. http://www.maheshwariandco.com/delhi.php

  7. https://www.dhirassociates.com/criminal-litigation/

  8. https://karanthukral.com/

  9. https://www.azbpartners.com/

  10. https://www.amsshardul.com/

  11. https://www.induslaw.com/

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